Ibn Sina Medical father of the World


Ibn Sina is known Europeans by the name of Avicenna. He is a scientist, Muslim philosopher, and expert medical science. He was named full Syeikhur Rais, Abu Ali Husayn ibn Abdillah ibn Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sina. Ibn Sina was known as the father of modern medicine because of its expertise in medical science. Ibn Sina was also a prolific writer who produced many works in the field of philosophy and medicine.

He was born in Persia (now Uzbekistan country). Ibn Sina gives total attention in the scientific world. In a young age he had mastered the various fields of science, especially medicine. More than 450 books about medicine has dususunnya until he considered the father of modern medicine. George Sarton called Ibn Sina "the most famous scientists of the Islamic world." His most famous is The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine, also known as the Qanun (full title: Al-Qanun fi Tibb At).

Ibn Sina was born in the year 370 (H) / 980 (M) at his mother's house Afshana, a small town is now the territory of Uzbekistan (part of Persia). His father, a respected scientist from Khorasan Balkh. When Ibn Sina Born, her father served in the governor Nuh ibn Mansur residential area, now of Afghanistan (and Persian). Ibn Sina's genius to make people amazed. At age 5 he had memorized the Koran. In his youth he became an expert ikmu various knowledge such as mathematics, philosophy, art and natural sciences.

In medicine, the book Al-Qanun of Ibn Sina's writings over the centuries become a major reference book and the most authentic. Book examines the general principles of medical science, medicine and various diseases. Along with the rise of the translation movement in the 12th century BC, the book Al-Qanun of Ibn Sina was translated into Latin. Now the book has also been translated into English, French and German. Al-Qanun is the book collection of ancient methods of treatment and methods of treatment of Islam. This book has been a curriculum of medical education in universities.

He studied medicine at the age of 16, and not only learned medical theory, but providing care to the sick, to his own account, found a method - a new method of treatment. The teenager achieved full status as a physicist at the age of 18 years and found that "Medicine is no hard and thorny science, like mathematics and metaphysics, so I quickly make progress; I became an excellent doctor and began to treat patients, using drugs - appropriate medication. "the youthful physician fame spread quickly, and he treated many patients without asking for payment.

His first job a physicist for the emir, who cured of a dangerous disease. Ibn Sina's employer gave him a reward for it by giving him access to the library Samanids kings, supporter of education and science. When the library was destroyed by fire not long after, the enemy - the enemy of Ibn Sina accused him of people who burn, in order to conceal the source of knowledge. Meanwhile, Ibn Sina helped his father in his work, but still found time to write some of the most initially.

In the Islamic world the book - the book of Ibn Sina's famous, not only because of the density of his knowledge, but because the language is good and the way he writes is very bright. In addition to writing in Arabic, Ibn Sina also wrote in Persian. His books in Persian, was published in Tehran in 1954. The works of Ibn Sina's philosophy is prominent in the field of As-Shifa, and An-Najat Al-Isyarat. An-Najat is a resume of the book Al-Shifa. Al-Isyarat, composed later, to mysticism. Apart from that, he wrote many essays - a short essay called Maqallah. Most maqallah was written when he drew inspiration in the form of something new and immediately composed.

Although he lived in a time full of shock and is often busy with the matter of the state, he wrote about two hundred and fifty works. Among the most famous works are "Qanun" which is an overview of Islamic medicine and taught up to now in the East. This book was translated into Latin and taught at the University of the West centuries old. The work is both a monumental encyclopedia "Book of Al-Shifa '. This work represents the culmination of paripatetik philosophy in Islam. Among the essays - written by Ibn Sina is:

1. As-Shifa '(The Book of Recovery or The Book of Remedy = Book on discovery, or the Book of Healing).
2. This book is known in the Latin language with the name Sanatio, or Sufficienta. The entire book consists of 18 volumes, complete manuscript is now kept in Oxford University in London. Began to be written at the age of 22 years (1022 AD) and ended in his death (1037 AD). The contents are divided into four sections, namely: (1) Logic (including terorika and poems) covers the basic bouquet of Aristotle's logic to put all the material from the author - later Greek writers. (2) Physics (including psichologi, agriculture, and animal). Part - Physics section includes cosmology, meteorology, air, time, vacancies and descriptions). (3) Mathematics. Part of mathematics contains a centered view of the elements - the elements of Euclid, the outline of his Almagest Ptolemy, and an overview - an overview of arithmetic and science of music. (4) Metaphysics. Part philosophy, Ibn Sina poko mind combining the opinion of Aristotle with the elements - the elements of Neo Platonic and arrange a trial basis to adapt Greek ideas with confidence - kepercayaan.Dalam medieval Europe, this book became a standard course in philosophy at various high schools.
3. Nafat, this book is a summary of the book As-Shifa '.
4. Qanun, this book is LMU medicine, used as a basic book on the University of Montpellier (France) and University Lourain (Belgium).
5. Sadidiyya. Books of medical science.
6. Al-Musiqa. Books about music.
7. Al-Mantiq, preached for Abul Hasan Sahli.
8. Qamus el Arabi, consisting of five jilid.Danesh Namesh. Philosophy books.
9. Danesh Nameh. Philosophy books.
10. Uyun-ul Hikmah. The book consists of 10 volumes of philosophy.
11. Mujiz, kabir wa Sagheer. A book explaining the basics - the basic science of logic is complete.
12. Masyriqiyyin el Hikmah. Eastern Philosophy (Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol II, p.. 915 mentions the possibility of this book have been lost).
13. Al-Inshaf. Books about the True Justice.
14. Al-Hudood. Contains the term - the term and understanding - understanding that is used in philosophy.
15. Al-Cues wat Tanbiehat. This book is much more to talk about arguments - arguments and warnings - warnings that the principle of Divinity and Religious.
16. An-Najah, (a book about happiness Soul)
17. and so on

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